The Bundy Affair (No. 11 – 15)

The following is a mirroring of Gary Hunt’s series about the civil defiance that took place in Nevada during 2014 against the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). Ryan Bundy, Ammon Bundy, Ryan Payne, and Peter Santilli were originally arrested for their involvement with Citizens for Constitutional Freedom, yet they were also named on an indictment alongside Cliven Bundy for the Cattle Unrustling on the auspices of violating 18 USC §§ 2, 111(a)(1) & (b), 115(a)(1)(B), 371, 372, 924(c), 1503, 1951, and 1952. Please read, “The Bundy Affair (No. 1 – 5),” and The Bundy Affair (No. 6 – 10),” before reading this selection.



XI. “Violence Begets Non-Violence” [5/3/16]

It was on April 12, 2014, when mostly unarmed supporters gathered at the Toequap (Toquop) Wash, about 80 miles northeast of Las Vegas, between Exits 112 and 120 on Interstate Highway 15, stood down the federal government with regard to cattle been “impounded”, readied for transport, or killed.  However, since the government has brought the matter up, again, we may want to revisit some of the incidents and circumstances that led to the Unrustling of cattle by these supporters of the original American Way of Life. Continue reading

We the Living?

Moral cowardice is the breeding ground for the suffocation of individuality. Failing to speak truth to power, refraining from living your principles so as to appease people you don’t like, or subjugating yourself to the dictates of the State, are just simply different ways of proving a lack of ethical integrity. True freedom can be achieved, not matter how difficult the outside circumstances, provided that you remain free inside your own head, and more importantly, within your own heart.



Kira Argounova is the projection of the author herself, which serves as an intriguing quasi-autobiographical vehicle for explaining the atrocities committed by the Soviet Union, particularly when it was unpopular at times to do so, especially during the Cold War. Ayn Rand’s romanticized fictional portrayal of her own early life hypothesizes what might have happened to her had she been unable to immigrate to America. I think that the publication of her first novel before World War II, describing the communist menace from someone who actually lived in Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, is why she is now considered to be one of the Founding Mothers of contemporary libertarianism, much like Rose Wilder Lane. Continue reading

Driver “Legally” Defined

The following definitions for “driver” are taken from Bouvier’s Law Dictionary (6th edition), Black’s Law Dictionary (2nd edition), and Webster’s Dictionary (1828):




  1. One employed in conducting a coach, carriage, wagon, other vehicle, with horses, mules, or other animals.
  2. Frequent accidents occur in consequence of the neglect or want of skill of drivers of public stage coaches, for which the employers are responsible.
  3. The law requires that a driver should possess reasonable skill and be of good habits for the journey; if, therefore, he is not acquainted with the road he undertakes to drive [3 Bingh. Rep. 314, 321]; drives with reins so loose that he cannot govern his horses [2 Esp. R. 533]; does not give notice of any serious danger on the road [1 Camp. R. 67]; takes the wrong side of the road [4 Esp. R. 273]; incautiously comes in collision with another carriage [1 Stark. R. 423; 1 Campb. R. 167]; or does not exercise a sound and reasonable discretion in travelling on the road, to avoid dangers and difficulties, and any accident happens by which any passenger is injured, both the driver and his employers will be responsible [2 Stark. R. 37; 3 Engl. C.L. Rep. 233; 2 Esp. R. 533; 11 Mass. 57; 6 T.R. 659; 1 East, R. 106; 4 B. & A. 590; 6 Eng C.L.R. 528; 2 McLean, R. 157. Vide Common carriers Negligence; Quasi Offence].

Continue reading

William Wolf: Constitutionalist Broadcaster Turned Political Prisoner

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“[T]ruth & reason are eternal. they have prevailed. and they will eternally prevail, however, in times & places they may be overborne for a while by violence military, civil, or ecclesiastical.”

Thomas Jefferson to Samuel Knox, February 12th of 1810



During March of 2015, William Krisstofer Wolf was arrested for being in possession of a machinegun. The following November, he was convicted by a jury for violating Title 18 United States Code § 922(o) and Title 26 United States Code § 5861(d), and was sentenced in March of 2016 to six years incarceration. Assuming that his pre-trial detention will count as time-served towards the completion of his sentence, then Wolf is expected to be released sometime in 2021. Continue reading

The Tyrants

Governments are composed of self-interested individuals who will stop at nothing so as to achieve their ends of wielding absolute power over their fellow man. Tyranny is only possible because people believe in the authority of the State as a territorial monopolist in the provision of law. Without this aura of legitimacy, rulers suffer the wrath of men who are not only willing to rescind their moral sanction and material support from Leviathan, but who may be eager to use force in order to remove tyrants down off their thrones.



A brief examination of the most notable rulers throughout history is the primary contribution that Clive Foss’ book makes to the political scientific literature. Cursory overviews give a breadth of how widespread tyranny has become embedded within the human condition, yet, I would suggest that they occurred because of the social institution known as government, aside from cults of personality. Unfortunately, the sheer range of tyrants that Foss briefs on could easily be used as a reference source for future comparative articles; however, I would like to examine a selection of them here to give a flavor of what his book covers. Continue reading

Wolf Trap (No. 6 – 9)

The following is a mirroring of Gary Hunt’s articles about political prisoner William Wolf, who was arrested on March 25th of 2015 and eventually convicted of violating 18 USC § 922(o). Currently, he is serving a 6-year sentence, and is expected to be released sometime in 2022. Please read, Wolf Trap (No. 1 – 5),” before reading this selection.



VI. Act I – Habeas Corpus – Scene 3 – Guardian of Liberty [5/26/15]

Setting the Stage: Joseph Story called Habeas Corpus “the great bulwark of personal liberty.” He did so as he, as well as did other legal scholars and various Supreme Court decision, because the founders knew that overarching government might attempt to suppress the rights of the people that had been so recently won, at great cost to the people. The inclusion of the “sacred writ” in the Constitution was to assure that their posterity would always have a means of challenging the federal government, when it went beyond those limits set by the Constitution. Continue reading

The Myth of the Rational Voter

For years, I have intermittently written about the problems with governmental elections. Whether it be political crusading, voter registration, popular voting, third parties, controlled schizophrenia, biased pluralism, or compulsory voting, the fact of the matter is that Alexis de Tocqueville’s observations and predictions about American democracy were chillingly accurate. Once mainstream political scientists and economists begin to agree with me yet disagree with mainstream Americans and “activists” alike, then I think serious reflection is in order so as to determine who is really telling the truth here.



An examination into the merits of democracy is long overdue. The author begins by outlining the purpose of his work:


“This book develops an alternative story of how democracy fails. The central idea is that voters are worse than ignorant; they are, in a word, irrational – and vote accordingly…[a] critical premise of this book is that irrationality, like ignorance, is selective…[t]his book has three conjoined themes. The first: Doubts about the rationality of voters are empirically justified. The second: Voter irrationality is precisely what economic theory implies once we adopt introspectively plausible assumptions about human motivation. The third: Voter irrationality is the key to a realistic picture of democracy.”


Rational ignorance has been a mainstay within political science, yet Brian Caplan’s idea of “rational irrationality” sounds less oxymoronic when you understand he is distinguishing it out by emphasizing that such irrationality is selective, which would tentatively explain the formation of the left-right paradigm. Continue reading

Wolf Trap (No. 1 – 5)

The following is a mirroring of Gary Hunt’s articles about political prisoner William Wolf. He was arrested on March 25th of 2015 and eventually convicted of violating 18 USC § 922(o). Currently, he is serving a 6-year sentence, and is expected to be released sometime in 2022.



I. The Setup [4/14/15]

On March 26, 2015, a Montana radio host, William Wolf, was arrested by the FBI (not the BATF) in violation of 18 US Code §922 (o)

  • (o)           (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), it shall be unlawful for any person to transfer or possess a machinegun.
  • (2) This subsection does not apply with respect to—
  • (A) a transfer to or by, or possession by or under the authority of, the United States or any department or agency thereof or a State, or a department, agency, or political subdivision thereof; or
    (B) any lawful transfer or lawful possession of a machinegun that was lawfully possessed before the date this subsection takes effect.

The “machine gun” in question may have been legal, until modified by the FBI, as explained in the Criminal Complaint. Continue reading

Extraconstitutional #1: Are Texans Required to Become Licensed Drivers?

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“This Court has held that there is no such license known to Texas law as a ‘driver’s license.’ ”

Callas v. State, No. 30094 (1959)


questioning the texas driver's license


From the mid-20th to early 21st centuries, greater proportions of the Texan population have become licensed drivers. According to the Federal Highway Administration (FHA), there were 2,796,862 licensed Texas drivers in 1950; by 2010, there were 15,157,650 of them. In 1950, according to the Texas State Library and Archives Commission, there were 7,711,194 Texans, and by 2010, the total Texas population grew to be 25,145,561 people. Continue reading

Voter “Legally” Defined

The following definitions for “voter” are taken from Ballantine’s Law Dictionary (3rd edition), Bouvier’s Law Dictionary (6th edition), Black’s Law Dictionary (2nd edition), and Webster’s Dictionary (1828):




One who expresses his choice of candidates or measures offered or proposed at an election by marking a ballot or indicating his choice by appropriate act upon a voting machine. One possessing the legal qualifications of an elector, so as to be entitled to vote [Re Denny, 150 Ind 104, 59 NE 259]. Continue reading