The following is a partial mirroring of Gary Hunt’s series about the Statist Turf War of 2016. This portion of which covers the aftermath of the “not guilty” verdicts for some of the Citizens for Constitutional Freedom defendants. Please read, “Burns Chronicles (No. 31 – 35),” before reading this selection.
Quite often, while writing an article, my heart is heavy over the actions of government that is suppressing the rights that are our birthright, as posterity of the Founding Fathers. However, as I sit at my keyboard, today, it is with a sense of pleasant surprise and extreme joy that so many felt, yesterday, when the verdict was announced in the Ammon Bundy, et al, trial.
The pleasant surprise comes because for the first time in over twenty years of watching Patriots stand trial for pretend crimes, the jury came back with a verdict that was not what the government wanted.
In a recent article, “The Bundy Affair – #16 – The Legal Shotgun“, I explained how there is a tendency for juries to find defendants guilty of something, especially when many charges, or counts, are a part of the prosecution. This seems to be based upon the infallibility of government. If they say that someone did something wrong, then we, the jury, must find them guilty of doing something wrong.
The jury found that though the government tried, desperately, to prove “intent”, they saw an “effect” in the matter of government employees failing to go to work during the occupation. Interestingly, as explained in another article, “Burns Chronicles No 30 – Officer? What Officer?“, the law that was cited in the Indictment applied only to “officers”, not “employees”. So, the jury being denied that information, what the law really is, still found no cause of intent, on the part of the defendants, to have kept any employee from doing their duty.
Before we move on to extreme joy, we will lay a foundation for a better understanding of what led to the exultation. And, it is mostly predicated upon the various government bureaucrats’ reaction to the verdict.
We will start with News Release from the FBI, the investigators and shooters in the events of this past January, with a statement by United States Attorney Billy J. Williams, in charge of the prosecution for the government (emphasis mine):
JURY DELIVERS VERDICTS IN OREGON STANDOFF TRIAL
News Release from FBI – Oregon
Posted on FlashAlert: October 27th, 2016 5:24 PM
United States Attorney’s Office Press Release
USAO Contact: Kevin Sonoff
PORTLAND, Ore. — A federal jury today delivered its verdicts against seven defendants charged with conspiracy, possession of firearms on federal property, and theft during the 41-day armed occupation of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge. Jurors found Ammon Bundy, Shawna Cox, David Lee Fry, Jeff Wayne Banta, Kenneth Medenbach, and Neil Wampler not guilty on all counts. Jurors found Ryan Bundy not guilty on charges of conspiracy and possession of firearms, but were unable to reach a verdict on the charge of theft.
Co-defendants Jason Blomgren, Brian Cavalier, Blaine Cooper, Eric Flores, Wesley Kjar, Corey Lequieu, Joseph O’Shaughnessy, Ryan Payne, Jon Ritzheimer, Geoffrey Stanek, and Travis Cox previously pled guilty. Co-defendants Dylan Anderson, Sandra Anderson, Sean Anderson, Duane Ehmer, Jason Patrick, Darryl Thorn, and Jake Ryan will stand trial beginning February 14, 2017. Charges against co-defendant Peter Santilli were previously dismissed.
“While we had hoped for a different outcome, we respect the verdict of the jury and thank them for their dedicated service during this long and difficult trial,” said Billy J. Williams, United States Attorney for the District of Oregon. “We strongly believe that this case needed to be brought before a Court, publicly tried, and decided by a jury. Despite the verdict reached, I want to personally thank all of the law enforcement personnel who worked tirelessly to bring about a peaceful resolution to the Malheur occupation. I also want to thank the residents of Burns, Hines, and Harney County and members of the Burns Paiute Tribe for their patience and resolve throughout this process.”
“For many weeks, hundreds of law enforcement officers — federal, state, and local — worked around-the-clock to resolve the armed occupation at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge peacefully. We believe now — as we did then — that protecting and defending this nation through rigorous obedience to the U.S. Constitution is our most important responsibility,” said Greg Bretzing, Special Agent in Charge of the FBI in Oregon. “Although we are extremely disappointed in the verdict, we respect the court and the role of the jury in the American judicial system.”
The case was investigated by the FBI and prosecuted by Geoffrey Barrow, Ethan Knight, and Craig Gabriel, Assistant United States Attorneys for the District of Oregon.
Note that the government still calls it an “armed occupation”, though later they also say that they “respect the court and the role of the jury”. They suggest that they will still hold the remaining defendants who “will stand trial beginning February 14, 2017”. I guess they haven’t yet realized that if the ringleaders are not guilty, then it is simply a waste of time and taxpayer money (so far over $100,000,000 has been spent in this persecution) to do so. But, maybe they are trying to pull a victory out of defeat.
They talk about the “law enforcement personnel who worked tirelessly to bring about a peaceful resolution to the Malheur occupation“. Do they not realize that this whole thing really began with the Murder of LaVoy Finicum, definitely not a peaceful event. And then after the verdict, Marcus Mumford was thrown to the floor by five US Marshal goons, then tazed, right there in the “halls of justice”, while the judge was only concerned with appearances when she ordered the courtroom cleared. (Here is a short, 2’40” video of Mumford explaining what happened). Then, David Fry, who was found not guilty by the jury, was handcuffed and put in a solitary holding cell, where he sat for hours before he was “processed out” as a free man, effectively saying that the government still retained him incarcerated.
So, we have an event that occurred over an extended period of time. The sides began to clash over a shooting that was not peaceful, and the final act in the first trial ended in an act that was not peaceful. The Defendants perpetrated neither of these acts — the government perpetrated both. Boy, the spin never stops.
Now, the real kicker in this press release is a statement by Greg Bretzing, Special Agent in Charge of the FBI in Oregon, when he says, “that protecting and defending this nation through rigorous obedience to the U.S. Constitution is our most important responsibility.” Especially when that Constitution that he was “protecting and defending… through rigorous obedience to the U.S. Constitution“, and the Court absolutely refused to let the word “Constitution” be spoken during the trial.
Next, we can look at the press release of Harney County Sheriff David Ward, a key player, and supposed lawful authority in Harney County. His statement is quite brief:
October 27, 2016
I have been notified of the not guilty verdict in the United States Federal trial of Ammon Bundy and other individuals involved in the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge takeover.
While I am disappointed in the outcome, I believe our form of government and justice system to be the best in the world. These folks were tried in a court of law and found not guilty by a jury of their peers.
This is our system and I stand by it.
David M. Ward
Harney County Sheriff
However, Sheriff Ward assumed guilt by his participation, and submission, to federal overreach. The fact that he was “disappointed” is indicative of his belief that he was right and the jury was wrong. Then, considering how weak he has been through the entire ordeal that comes as no surprise.
Next, we hear from, well:
Governor Kate Brown
Statement regarding the Malheur Refuge Occupation trial:
“While I respect the jury’s decision, I am disappointed. The occupation of the Malheur Refuge by outsiders did not reflect the Oregon way of respectfully working together to resolve differences. I appreciate the due diligence of our federal partners and stand with the communities of Harney County and residents of Burns.
Governor Kate Brown”
She begins by “respect[ing] the jury’s decision“, but in the same breath, says that she is “disappointed“. How utterly condescending can one be, especially with that being her opening statement? She then refers to those in the Refuge as “outsiders“, but rather than dealing with those “outsiders” as the Governor of Oregon, she calls in some other outsiders, the federal goons, to deal with what is, and as determined by the jury, not a federal problem. Civil eviction, under state law, would be the proper remedy. But, well, what kind of governor is she? Now, she can refer to the other outsiders as “federal partners“, but those many supporters in Harney County, and from other parts of Oregon, are not allowed to have the support of their partners, the Defendants. Finally, we can look at her reference to “resolv[ing] differences“, and wonder why nobody was willing to address the “Redress of Grievances” that included her as one of the addressees of that obvious “difference”. She simply ignored the “differences” that she suggests are “the Oregon way“.
Finally, let’s look at what the operators of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge have to say:
While we are profoundly disappointed in the outcome of the trial, we are eager to move forward. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is committed to the security, healing and comfort of our Malheur National Wildlife Refuge employees and the Harney County communities they serve, and to continue strengthening the collaborations and positive relationships cited throughout this trial.
Director, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Assistant Regional Director–External Affairs
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Region
Again, we find that they “are profoundly disappointed” in the verdict. However, they are “committed to the security, healing and comfort of our Malheur National Wildlife Refuge employees“. Dan Ashe, also tells us, in a February Oregon Live video (3’15” @ 2’06”), the direct cost of the occupation was $2,000,000. Then, he tells us that the direct cost includes the “relocation of 17 employees who received threats, along with their families and expenses, to Portland, Bend, or Seattle, for their safety, to live in hotels.”
There is no indication that any of those “employees” suffered (though they may feel “offended” and need a safe space) and need any “healing”. After all, they did not lose a day’s pay, during the entire event. And, at least one of those employees visited that Refuge during the occupation, though that testimony was never presented to the jury.
What stands out is that they who have taken an oath to the Constitution, and are paid by the government the Constitution created, are so “disappointed” when the Constitution is adhered to. They attempt to transfer the responsibility back on the defendants.
However, they do want to transfer any sympathy from those who spent 9 months in jail, paid thousands of dollars for their defense, and suffered undue hardship at the hands of local, state, and the federal government. They don’t address the “security” of the Defendants and their families — especially financial security — as they lost their jobs and source of their sustenance. They offer nothing with regard to the “healing” that the Defendants and their families will have to achieve only among themselves, their friends, and supporters. They have offered nothing in the way of “comfort“, especially Jeanette Finicum, who lost her husband, at the hands of those seeking “to resolve the armed occupation at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge peacefully” or “respectfully working together to resolve differences“.
None of them has extended a hand of care, or an APOLOGY, for the hardships that they have imposed on others, as is truly warranted based upon the verdict of the jury — that process that they claim to revere as our constitutional form of government. They are nothing more than hypocritical leeches, sucking at the government teat.
There has been no substantial interview regarding the deliberations that resulted in 12 Not Guilty Verdicts, and One Verdict where the jury could not get consensus. However, we do have a bit of information that is probably the most critical single piece with regard to understanding just what happened that led to those verdicts.
Juror #4, the juror that brought Judge Brown the indication of bias by Juror #11, has stated that the government failed to show that the occupiers had the intention to impede the government employees. That the failure of the employees to report to the Refuge may have been an effect of the occupation. Since the Jury Instructions required the government to prove “intent”, the jury had to find them Not Guilty, at least with regard to Counts One and Two. In a written statement, Juror #4 said, “All 12 agreed that impeding existed, even if as an effect of the occupation.” The difference between “effect” and “intent”, then, becomes the foundation for this article.
However, first, a bit of an explanation. I seldom bring politics into any of my articles, however, to put this situation in a proper context, I think it is necessary to do so, now. Whether what I am going to bring to your attention had anything to do with their verdict, or not, is yet to be known. If it was not considered, then the irony of the comparison still should be of interest to all.
Addressing those matters that were brought to our attention, this past Friday, regarding Hillary Clinton’s email server and the possibility that criminal pedophiliac material may have gone through that server. That material could possibly be emails from former Representative Anthony Weiner (New York (D)), through his wife, Muslimah Huma Abedin*, through Hillary’s rather suspicious email server, to an underage girl.
* Huma Abedin – Former deputy chief of staff to U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, and still a prominent figure in Hillary’s campaign for President.
If that were the case, then suspicion of such activity would warrant, as in all pedophile investigations, the seizure of phones, computers, photographs, records, and almost anything that might prove to be evidence of criminal activity.
At present, there is no public knowledge of the suggested connection, FBI Director James Brien “Jim” Comey, Jr., has advised Congress that the Clinton email scandal investigation has been reopened. Rather ironically, this information comes out the day after the Verdict of Not Guilty in the Ammon Bundy trial.
However, this email scandal had its roots back on July 5, 2016, when Comey stated that, “[W]e did not find clear evidence that Secretary Clinton, or her colleagues, intended to violate laws governing the handling of classified information…” (video). In his almost unprecedented statement, he recommended that the Justice Department not prosecute, because of the absence of intent.
However, it appears that the Jury in the Bundy trial had more sense than either Comey or Billy J. Williams, United States Attorney for the Oregon District. Comey chose not to prosecute and Williams, probably based on the recommendation of Greg Bretzing, FBI SAIC, chose to prosecute. All three ignored what even a blind man could see.
Criminal activity should be judged on intent. If an act is done inadvertently, with no intention of the act being criminal, then it should not be criminal. However, the government has not been known to play that way. Especially with patriots. But, that is exactly what Clinton did. She set up her private server, she conducted communication with her staff, and others, she allowed others who also worked for the government, to access her computer, and she let those with no ties to the government not only have access, but to maintain, the server.
That’s almost like saying, I jammed the door to the bank so that they couldn’t lock it, but I had no intention of robbing the bank. When the means to create criminal activity are conducted, they become the intent. Neither the jammed door nor the private server were accidental.
On the other hand, those who occupied Malheur National Wildlife Refuge (MNWR) conducted their activities in the open. Anybody that wanted to visit was allowed to visit. Anybody who wanted to eat was allowed to eat. Anybody who wanted to spend the night was allowed to spend the night. Only those whose behavior might be of concern for the safety of others were asked to leave.
The government enlisted 15 people to inform on those who occupied the MNWR. At least nine of them actually visited the Refuge and were treated equally with everyone else. They were supposed to “get dirt” on the principals. However, they could get no “dirt”, so the government never called them to testify. The Defendants, however, saw a benefit to having two of the informants testify on their behalf.
On the other side of Burns, at the Airport, the FBI set up their “headquarters”. There were numerous battle dressed guards on duty at the gates and questioned anyone that approached them. Their operation was about as secretive as you could get, and access was denied to all but those chosen soldiers of the government.
When the activity of those at MNWR and those at the airport are compared, which of the two groups reeks of intent? Which one reeks of armed force? Which one reeks of conspiracy?
However, at the other location, the jury clearly understood that there was no intent of conspiracy, and that the government employees would be as welcome as anybody else would, though they stayed away as an effect of the occupation, not as a result of it.
When that government, established to serve the people, determines to serve itself, it has failed its purpose. When that government turns its forces to persecute those who challenge its abuse, intending to make political prisoners of them, it has failed in its purpose. When that government, created by the Constitution, refuses to abide by that Constitution, it has failed in its purpose and has become despotic.
“But when long trains of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide for new guards for their future security.”
Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776
Addendum (October 30, 2016)
In the article, I had taken some available information that seemed to suggest that Weiner had used Hillary’s server to send email to an underage female. This may still be true, but the bigger story is that Huma Abedin had been sending highly classified documents to her own server that she shares with her husband, Anthony Weiner.
Huma, being an avowed Muslim, may well have sent some of the documents to her friends in Muslim countries. She may also have provided herself and Weiner some “life insurance”, though it appears that that policy may have just expired.
On October 27, 2016, in a Federal Court in Portland, Oregon, Not Guilty Verdicts were read by the Court and affirmed by the Jury. Shortly thereafter, a rather interesting and unusual event occurred.
One of the ex-Defendants, Shawna Cox, described what happened when the Jury was excused:
* * * * * * * * * * * * *
As we stood for the Jury to leave the room, I watched in disbelief as the Judge told us to all sit down and remain seated while the US Marshalls removed Ammon Bundy, Ryan Bundy, and David Fry from the room.
We were still standing and Mr. Mumford raised both of his arms and leaning down into the microphone on the desk in front of him he said to the Judge: “NO Your Honor. These men are leaving this room with me, as FREE Men! The Jury has just acquitted them and they are free to leave!”
Judge Brown responded, “The Marshalls are going to take them back to the jail.”
Mumford said: “You Honor, the jury has just rendered the Not Guilty verdict, and you have no more jurisdiction, do you?”
Judge Brown responded, “Stop yelling at me Mr. Mumford, don’t ever yell at me again, ever. And No, I don’t. But the US Marshalls are going to retain them until they are returned to Nevada to stand trial there.”
Then Mumford said: “I have looked all day yesterday and all this morning and I can find no warrant for their arrest. Show me the paper! They were taken into custody the first time with no Warrant and you are not going to do it again! Show me the warrant! Show me the paper!”
Judge Brown said: “There is probably paper somewhere”.
During all this conversation, the US Marshalls had moved in close around Mr. Mumford who was still standing in his position behind the court table. There were five of them and more moving in. Mr. Mumford turned toward them still with his hands up and one of the Marshalls grabbed him by the left arm and another immediately grabbed his right arm and pulled him from behind the desk as they all began to push and pull at him.
One Marshall dropped him to his knees while another pushed him to the floor and put a knee into his back. Other Marshalls had moved in and now there was a total of eight. One Marshall on each arm and I could see his hands still open and up while another Marshall is telling him to put his arms behind his back. It was not possible with officers holding his arms.
Then, I saw them shove his head to the floor as he said, “I’m not resisting!” One Marshall had his left leg and was twisting his foot and leg (I was surprised at the stripped colorful sock Mumford was wearing) as his pant leg fell toward his knee.
This upset me and I was yelling: “What are you doing? What’s the matter with you?” Our victory just went out the window, and I was furious!!
More Federal Agents came rushing from the back of the room as the Judge yelled: “Everybody Out! Clear the Courtroom!” They rushed us out of there, but not before I saw a Marshall taze Mr. Mumford and I heard Mumford say, “You are hurting me!”
I was looking back in shock and horror and did not want to leave him there. I wanted to help him! I was very angry
* * * * * * * * * * * * *
At that point, the remaining Defendants and attorneys were removed from the room.
Could a mature Judge have dealt with this matter without resorting to force? Heck, I thought that was what our judicial system was all about. Reasoned discussion, then conclusions. However, that is not what happened when the simply question of legal authority arose.
The Federal Protective Services then took Marcus Mumford into custody. He was cited for failure to comply with a federal lawful order and disturbance and released with a January 6 date to return to federal court.
When the government loses a case that might have been the “Trial of the Century”, they, like spoiled children, throw a tantrum. In this case, the tantrum was thrown at one of the few attorneys that really made a difference in this case — by their persistence and pursuit of justice.
And, as so often happens, the government is the victim and Mumford has to return to court after the first of the year — unless the anticipated legal filings result in a dismissal, before January 6, 2017.
Recently, I watched a video of an interview with Terri Linnell that was couched into an in-studio, live “exposé”, purporting to prove that what Linnell had said was an “obvious lie”. This whole program was based primarily on my article, “Burns Chronicles No 32 – Terri Linnell (Mama Bear)“, and the host’s subsequent interview with Terri.
In the comment section of that video, I disputed a couple of items that were alleged to be truthful, one, in particular, dealing with the time element, and when people might have known when LaVoy had been murdered. After all, this set everything into motion, this past January 26.
However, their estimate of when people outside could have known what had happened came out to 10:00 PM. Heck, I knew by 7:00 PM, and as I recall, it was one of my team members that had called me (in Burns) from another state to tell me what had happened. Subsequently, one of the guests has admitted that they had no idea of what time the information would have gotten out — they were just guessing based upon when they found out about the murder.
I had intended to go back to YouTube and review/comment on the remainder of the 2 hour 25 minute video, since I had commented on perhaps only the first twenty minutes that I have watched. Since I had been working on another article, I postponed that subsequent review.
Then I found myself tagged in a subsequent discussion on Facebook, I was invited to be interviewed because of my disagreement with the host. I accepted, however. I included the provision that my interview had to be done that day. First, the video was damaging by its untruthfulness, and such lies should be outed in a timely manner. Second, I didn’t want to wait the “3 or 4 days” for the host to conduct the interview. I have better things to do than wait around for someone to try to figure what questions he needs to ask to try to cover his blatant misrepresentations. Heck, the interview would have been about the video he had created, so if anyone needed to prepare, it would have been me. However, he turned it back on me for not being willing to abide by his schedule. So be it. I have broad shoulders and take full responsibility for not doing the interview.
Now, why do I bring this up? Well, since I posted the article, which I had agreed not to post until Terri testified in the Portland trial, many alleged patriots have attacked her, verbally. Some understood and appreciate what she had done, but when she left the courtroom, she was stunned and could find no one who would talk with her, nor could she find a place to stay. It was that treatment of Terri that caused me to put pen to paper, in hopes of providing another perspective on how we should treat informants.
So, let’s look at the three informants that testified during the trial. First, we have Mark McConnell, though he still denies, or at least sidesteps, his role. He was outed, intentionally, and quite surprisingly, by the government in their direct examination of an Oregon State Police officer. It was later reconfirmed by the Court that he was, in fact, an informant. Mark professes to be a patriot, and he probably is —along the lines of OathKeepers, where the Constitution is what they are told by their superiors, and is patriotism to the government, not to the country or the Constitution. Mark is one informant that all true patriots should, at least, distance themselves from.
I’ll skip to the third informant in the trial, since the nature of all three types is what this is about. That informant is John Killman. John’s real name is Fabio Minoggio. According to his testimony, he was born in Switzerland and served 20 years in the Swiss Army. He took donuts to the Refuge to ingratiate himself, and then provided training in military, self-defense, and even how to remove someone from a car.
He is single and has a 5-year-old son. Minoggio is now an officer with the Hualapai Tribal Police, in Arizona. Little more is known about him, except that he received “expenses”, but claims he was not paid by the FBI.
Now, let’s go to the one that has gained the most notoriety, Terri Linnell. To do so, we must start at the beginning of her decision to testify, as what preceded this event is simply history, and of no consequence at this time. What follows is from an interview I did with Terri. If anyone chooses to dispute this, I would suggest that they come up with more than their personal opinion, or else keep their mouth shut.
Terri had tried to contact Mike Arnold, then Ammon’s attorney, during the summer. Arnold’s office kept trying to get her to speak to one of the investigators. She did not want to speak to the investigator; she would only speak with an attorney. She was concerned if word got out that she was going to testify, the government might do something to stop her.
As the trial approached, Per Olsen’s activity caught her attention, so she called his office, and Per spoke with her. She explained what her testimony would be, and, she advised him that she had been a paid informant for the FBI. Her subpoena was delayed to give the government as little notice as possible.
When she arrived in Portland, she had meetings in the Witness Room, mostly with Amanda, a member of Marcus Mumford’s team. They had no problem with what her testimony would be. The fact that she was an FBI informant led to Amanda beginning to open the door and pursue investigating the informant matter. Amanda began scrutinizing the 1203 forms and realized that there were many informants. This resulting in the admission of the number of informants involved and the eventual identification and calling of Killman (Minoggio) to the stand. and he had no problem with what her testimony would be. Neither had identifiable 1023 reports (FBI – CHS Reporting Document), since the documents in discovery had been heavily redacted.
Her testimony, among other things, cleared David Fry, Neil Wampler, and Shawna Cox, of ever having firearms in the “mess hall”. It also provided testimony that that she heard of no suggestions of any violent activity.
The only downside was when, in cross-examination, she was asked, as the prosecuting attorney purportedly read from a 1023, whether the people had discussed going to other locations to occupy them. She stated that she never said that. So, to clarify the situation, as I know it, many residents in the surrounding area had come to the Refuge and asked for help in their communities. This led to teams going out and explaining Committees of Safety, the Constitution, and land rights matters. The idea was to get others thinking, not to provide an armed force to go to those communities.
Since that time, people have, without a real consideration of both the facts and the consequences of their actions in attacking Terri, have continued to attempt to discredit her, and possibly cause some misguided patriot to cause her physical harm.
Many have suggested that Terri’s testimony led to the murder of LaVoy Finicum. Nothing she testified to could, in any way, shape, or form, led one to such a conclusion. Then those naysayers say, well, she was working with the FBI. However, as I have pointed out in a previous articles, Brandon Curtiss had agreed to help the Sheriff, whatever decision he made — with regard to the Hammonds. It also appears that other alleged patriots passed on much intelligence information to the FBI or Sheriff. We know that there were 15 informants involved. Each of those since found out have, at least, claimed to be on the patriot’s side, such as McConnell and Killman. Both their known and unknown activities had far more to do with raising tensions, especially within the minds of the government people, and would more likely be activities that help shape the situation that resulted in LaVoy’s death.
Mark was outed, Minoggio was tracked down, and Terri came forth voluntarily to try to help the defendants. Mark actually played a hand in the activity that led to LaVoy’s death. Minoggio’s role was simply to gather intelligence and create some “evidence”. Terri’s role was simply to watch six people. LaVoy wasn’t even on her list.
So, the most important questing is:
How Should the Patriot Community Deal with Informants?
Mark McConnell is a marked man. Any patriot that thinks that Mark has sympathy for the patriot community deserves what may come to him by associating with Mark. Simple ostracization is about the extent of what can, legally, be done to address the problem of this type of informant. Ban him from any events, meetings, even discussions on Facebook and other social media cites. Pretend as if he does not exist. Then, he can return to the hole that he has dug for himself.
Fabio Minoggio aka John Killman is a foreigner. Why he decided to go to Burns and become an informant for the government is unknown. He chose not to use his own name, opting to use an American or Indian sounding name, John Killman. He, like McConnell, should never be accepted into any patriot group, and should be treated just like the scourge that comes to this country, and then works against its people.
Terri Linnell is the one informant that we need to consider, very carefully, as to how we should look at her. It is not really her that is to be considered, rather, it is this type of informant. She had previously informed for the government, however, that back was broken when she chose to testify for the Defendants, even at the risk of exposing her role and relationship with the FBI. When I asked her why she chose to testify, she said, “It was the right thing to do.” So, what we have is an informant that has chosen to change sides. She has chosen to give up the means to make a few extra dollars. She has changed sides!
Now, let’s look at the ramifications of what she has done. She has become an outcast, to some. She is the subject of derision, and is constantly attacked on Facebook and Twitter. We need not go into the character of those that lead, or participate, is such attacks, because that, in the end is inconsequential.
We need to look well beyond this recent event. We know that there were 15 informants involved. Three have been outed, and we have good leads on three more. However, of all of them, only one has stepped back across the line — to the right side. So, what becomes extremely important is what example we leave for the next informant that has questioned their participation in informing against patriots. Do we offer them a comforting welcome? “Hi! Welcome. We are pleased that you have decided that you were on the wrong side and come to join us.”
Or, do we discourage them from coming to our side — which leaves them on the wrong side — because, by example, we have said, “So, you decided to help us by admitting you were an informant. But, since you are an informant, we will never accept you into our community.” If we do this, we can rest assured that we have precluded having some that may help us; may, if they don’t come out in the open, even serve as a double agent; and, deny adding someone to our ranks, when we need every body that we can get. We have forced them to remain our enemy, as there is no refuge, if they did want to leave the bad side.
We can spend hours trying to convince others that our cause is just, hoping to get them to understand the Constitution and the intent of the Founders. Yet, unless we change our ways, we will reject those who, by their own participation, have seen what is right, and what is wrong. We discourage them from making a decision that we spend hours trying to get another to make.
If we do not see the benefit of open arms, though that may never really include trust, we have, in a sense, become our own worst enemy.
When I wrote “What is Brandon Curtiss?“, I had nothing but gratitude for Wolf. He had stepped up when I was faced with Brandon Curtiss and his goons. His involvement allowed me to continue packing in order to leave Burns. The above picture was taken during this event.
There were some unanswered questions from an earlier incident. When the shootout occurred at Camp Lone Star, back on August 29, 2014, Varner was with Kevin “KC” Massey and John Foerster, on the Texas Border near Brownsville, when a Border Patrol (BP) Agent fired in the direction of Foerster. (See “The Arrest of K. C. Massey“.) Now questions arose as to Foerster’s role, but Varner appeared to be without sin. Varner, however, was the first to offer his pistol, in his belt under his shirt, to the BP agent, which led to Massey then turning his pistol over to BP. In hindsight, there were other questionable actions by Varner, though unrelated to the topic at hand.
Varner was quite cooperative in my interview with him and provided some information that only he had, which indicated that much of what BP did, out of sight of Massey, was not consistent with the testimony they offered in court. This could be interpreted as an attempt to ingratiate himself to Massey and myself.
According to Massey, Varner left Camp Lone Star within a couple of days of the shooting. He did not return until two days before Massey’s arrest. Was he there to report when Massey was going to spend the night in the motel room? Only someone at Camp Lone Star would have that information. At that critical time, Varner was at Camp Lone Star.
Now, often people have suspicion that someone could be an informant. I may have reason to believe someone is an informant. However, I will not write that someone is an informant unless I can prove that someone is an informant. So, ironically, the person that helped me while I was in Burns is, well, an informant.
Let’s get to the heart of the matter. To do so, I will be referring to FBI documents that I have obtained. They are marked, at the bottom left corner, “Dissemination Limited by Court Order”. So, let me make this perfectly clear — I have no intention of “disseminating” the documents, nor am I bound by any “Court Order”. I am writing about a Public Trial, which was held in September and October 2016. Had I access to these documents during that trial, I would have written the same article that I am writing now.
A Public Trial, as intended by the Founders, was guaranteed so that we could judge both the alleged crimes of the accused and the role of the government. This article, and subsequent articles on the subject of informants, is about the role of the government.
Informants are nothing less than spies, albeit, they are not spies set against foreign enemies or other countries. No, they are spies sent by the agents of the government to act against their own people. Whether they are paid, as was the case explained in my article “Terri Linnell (Mama Bear)“, to avoid prosecution for a crime they may have committed, or simply because they disagree with the politics of whomever they are informing against, they are nothing less than those contemptible creatures who, in most situations, face death if caught practicing their trade. The only exception would be when they realize that they are on the wrong side, and willingly change to the right side. This is addressed in another article, “Informants – What to do About Them“.
Using form “FD-1023”, also known as “CHS Reporting Document”, agents assigned to an informant provides information, based upon their communication, face to face, via text or email, by phone, or even secret messages, to place this information into the record.
Unfortunately, some of the records I have obtained are so severely redacted that nothing but the pre-printed form information is visible. However, often what the informant reported can be compared to information obtained in speaking with victims of the informant, or the information reported may become available in other public forums. Often, such information is “exculpatory” in nature, meaning that it tends to provide evidence that the accused may not be guilty of the crime with which he has been charged. So, I will provide some of the text from the reports and offer a perspective regarding both aspects. The entire body of information will not be provided in this article. A sampling should be sufficient to provide the reader with understanding of just how these spies operate, and how they may set their own trap. The spies will identify themselves as “CHS” (Confidential Human Source).
We will begin with January 4, 2016, two days after the occupation of the Refuge and the first identifiable report from Varner.
There are 25-30 people on the property to include 5 women who are assisting in cooking, etc. Most individuals are carrying side arms and CHS has not seen any Iongrifles, but knows they are there. CHS has not yet seen any explosives and one militia member is in the watch tower approximately 100 feet in the air. The militia will be conducting patrols at night. CHS will obtain license plates later this evening and saw one militia member driving a white 4X4 truck bearing US Government plate number I487752 presumed to belong to the refuge. The militia is expecting the FBI to arrive and know that they are being called trespassers and not domestic terrorists.
CHS observed the following vehicles:
[Note: first two vehicle descriptions and plate #s not included for the privacy of the owners]:
3) Jason Patrick, White Male, mid 40’s, 5’10″, 230 lbs, beard, mustache, seen driving the white 4X4 truck bearing US Government plate I487752.
So, we can see that this informant, along with others, provided a snapshot, updated frequently, of what was going on and who was present at the Refuge.
The next day, January 5:
Ammon Bundy, Brian Cavalier (Booda), Jason Patrick, Ryan Bundy, Ryan Payne, Blaine Cooper and Jon Ritzheimer are all staying in the main building up front. Pecking order CHS based on behavior observed is 1. Ammon Bundy 2. Ryan Payne and Jason Patrick 3. Brian Cavalier (Booda) and 4. Jon Ritzheimer. Booda is in charge of security. Ammon Bundy will more than likely speak with negotiators. CHS is in not staying in the front building and has not yet observed any formal plans. However, CHS is told the plan is to stay and wait for the FBI to make contact. They know the FBI will say they are trespassing, but believe it is B.S. as they do not recognize the land belonging to the federal government. They do not know what the FBI is thinking. By the FBI not taking any action, it has made militia members nervous/scared about the unknown. The militia does not know who will be arrested or exactly what plan of action will be taken when the FBI does make contact. CHS described the atmosphere as nervous, filled with anticipation and confusion if something were to happen. Some people are sleeping and they sleep in shifts.
No alcohol has been observed and approximately six people have been seen carrying side arms and long guns being .308 or 5.56 calibers on an AR platform. CH$ has been looking for explosives and has not observed any. The militia does have access to propane and fuel from the refuge itself. Patrols are being conducted and there is a person in the watch tower 24/7 with a long rifle and radio. There is a shift change in the watch tower at 3 a.m. CHS has not yet seen other set schedules at this time. CHS has asked about night vision equipment and the response received is that no night vision equipment is on site.
The following vehicle was observed on the property.
1999 Black GMC Truck bearing [state] plate # nnnnnn
The militia’s main objective is to have the property administered by the federal government returned to the people (States/counties). The second objective is to win the support of the American public to create the power needed to accomplish the first objective. At this point, everyone is united with these objectives. The militia believe they are currently winning by gaining support of the American public as well as the locals. They feel more empowered since the local are coming by and delivering supplies and the FBI has not yet reached out to the militia.
If the public demands they leave, CHS doesn’t think the militia will leave until additional pressure is placed upon them. CHS did not know what that pressure would be, but just asking the militia to leave will not work. If the FBI continues to do nothing, the militia will just gain more people on site and more power until the FBI is forced to react. None of the core leaders have made life ending preparations at this point, but Ammon Bundy and Ryan Payne have stated they would take a bullet if needed. Jon Ritzheimer stated he would go to jail, but appears very nervous and really does not want to serve any jail time. Militia members for the most part are just wondering around waiting for something to happen.
So, you can see that the FBI had a fairly decent picture of what was going on in the Refuge. You can also see what the intended (perhaps exculpatory) purpose of the occupation was, as well as the “state of mind” of the principal players. This was of importance during the trial, so we can understand why the government did not want the Defense to be able to identity and therefore call these people as witnesses.
CHS attended an administrative meeting today at 1:00 p.m. It was decided that three separate militia units will be created and led by Ryan Payne, Jon Ritzheimer and CHS. There are five people assigned to each militia unit leader and they are to conduct security patrols and other missions as requested by the “administration” .The three militia units will grow in size as more people arrive in support of the overall mission. All current fifteen members of the militia units intend to stay for the completion of the occupation…
Now, here is one of the little pieces used to deduce who the informant is. He is one of three militia group leaders. However, if we know (and we do) that Ryan Payne, Jon Ritzheimer, and Allen Varner were those three militia leaders, then we also know who “CHS” is.
CHS goes on to rank the principal players:
A ranking by the CHS of the most dangerous members on a scale of 1 to 10, ten being the most dangerous, included the following: Booda 9, Ritzheimer 8, Payne, Ammon Bundy 8 or 9, Ryan Bundy 8 or 9, Robert Finicum would most likely back down.
Rather interesting that he identified Robert (LaVoy) Finicum as most likely to back down.
In the January 6 report, we find more information, some tending to be exculpatory.
At least seven different vehicles driven by locals dropped by today to show support and deliver supplies to include, elk meat, steaks, hamburger meat, blankets, hand warmers, etc. The front porch of the bunkhouse used for cooking is now filled with food and supplies. One local stated he would be back again next week to drop off more supplies.CHS and others have been told to use the refuge’s fuel stored in large tanks for their personal use.
A… “Committee of Safety” held a long meeting with the Bundy’s today. [They were] to show their support for the refuge takeover. They were also going to explain at the meeting that the militia at the refuge were not “crazy gun toting people” as portrayed by some of the media.
An individual named McConnell claiming to be the leader of the Three Percenters Militia in Arizona showed up at the refuge last night or early this morning. The individual is physically fit, mid 40’s, 6’ in height, blonde hair, blonde mustache, driving a brown colored jeep. McConnell also claims to be a Marine and/or Navy Seal. CHS considered McConnell as strength for the militia at the refuge. CHS could not describe any weaknesses the militia has at this time. If anything, the militia continues to gain strength in morale because the locals continue to come by to show support and deliver supplies.
CHS described the atmosphere as calm and relaxed but still expecting something to happen. Patrols were done every four hours, people have been sleeping and milling around like a normal day.
In the January 7 report, we have another clue that helps to identify the CHS, along with other information.
As of this morning, there were approximately 35-40 people at the refuge. So many people have arrived that the new arrivals are sleeping on the floor and not in bunks. They are expecting a lot more people to show up today. “Will” is from the Seattle area and driving a Nissan X-Terra bearing Washington Marine Corps plate number nnnnnn. Will is the one who brought in the night vision equipment and it appears to be a night vision spotting scope. Will also brought with him a 300 Win Mag rifle. CHS also observed the following license plates: Nevada tag nnnnnn on a Ford F-150, Arizona tag nnnnnn on McConnell’s vehicle.
Last night at approximately 8:30 p.m., Louie Prepper at two others came over from their camp across the street and requested entry into the refuge and to speak with Robert LaVoy Finicum. CHS refused to allow them in resulting in a physical altercation. CHS was struck in the face and cut by Prepper and “Fat boy” (CHS’ description) from Colorado broke the mirror on CHS’ vehicle. CHS got up and kicked Fatboy in the groin causing severe pain to Fatboy. Pete Santilli told CHS to stand down and Prepper and the two others entered to refuge to encounter Blaine Cooper. Cooper got into a physical altercation with Prepper and the two others. Fatboy claimed Cooper broke his nose and was going to file a complaint and they left the refuge.
The ATV was used this morning to take supplies to the watchtower allowing for guards to stay in the tower for long periods of time. Two guys mainly occupy the watch tower which CHS has not yet met.
CHS has observed one 300 WIN Mag rifle, two SKS rifles, three AK-47’s, one 12 GA pump action riot shotgun and quite a few AR-15’s (5.56). Most are mainly carrying side arms and one female is carrying a sidearm.
Patrols continue every four hours and are conducted by 4-5 people in vehicles. Patrol routes around the refuge are not set, more like people driving around in vehicles. People do remain at the front and back gates. Patrols are not done on foot because of the snow. Most active use of communication is via supplied radios, but cellular telephones are also being used.
CHS has not heard any rumors about kidnapping a federal agent. Atmosphere remains relaxed.
A Washington Three Percenter Militia member named Darrel is currently assigned in the watch tower. There is now a flare gun in the tower that will be discharged to warn everyone within the refuge of incoming law enforcement raids. CHS observed the night vision equipment brought in last night and it appears to be mountable on a rifle. The militia still fails to have any grasp on organization. Currently, Patrick is attempting to create a list of shifts and assignments for members within the refuge. The three militia units previously created and led by Payne, Ritzheimer and CHS are still in play, but have not yet been assigned to complete any tasks.
CHS observed California license plate number nnnnnn on a dark blue Chevy Blazer. There are roughly 40-45 people within the refuge. The atmosphere remains relaxed and still waiting for something to happen.
You can see that the FBI had status reports that gave them a day-to-day update on the situation at the Refuge. We also see that Varner was still in charge of one of the militia groups. However, another confirmation of his identity is found when he described the broken mirror incident. In an interview with Varner, he said that he swung his fist to hit Louie (Lewis Arthur), hit the mirror instead, and hurt his hand.
We will skip the January 8 report, and since there were are no identifiable reports for January 9 and 10, go to January 11.
CHS provided two inert grenades taken from the refuge, a notebook recovered from the ground and showed case agent the hand held radio taken from Ritzheimer. People using cell phones are using the Zello walkie-talkie App to communicate. The notebook had several pages removed and contains limited to no useful information (see attached photographs).
The extra support has again made the administration and supporters feel as if they are winning.
The leadership was 1. Ammon and Ryan Bundy, 2. Jason Patrick, 3. Ryan Payne, 4. Ritzhiemer. Ammon and Ryan Bundy, LaVoy Finicum, and Payne remain as the administration of the refuge. Finicum was the self proclaimed media representative.
The group is calling themselves the “Citizens of Constitutional America” and not a militia. The administration is adamant that they do not call themselves a militia.
They have not constructed any defensive structures or positions such as rifle pits, sand bag cover, etc. The militia will more than likely use the heavy machinery on site for cover and have positioned some of this equipment at the entrances to the refuge. The patrol routes remain random around the perimeter and consist of individuals driving around in vehicles.
The interviewing agents showed the CHS an aerial photograph of the refuge complex with the buildings numbered. CHS described the use of the buildings as follows:
Building 19 – Fire Bunkhouse – CHS described this building as having 8 bedrooms, one bedroom has 4 bunks, the remaining rooms have two bunks each¯ All bunks were full.
Building 15 – Payne and Riztheimer were staying in the two small houses across the street from the firehouse
(building 19) . These houses have an exterior bathroom nearby
Building 18 – Warehouse
Building 11 – Warehouse/garage with lots of equipment
Building 17 or 16 -Generator building
Building 1 – Admin buildings were meetings are conducted
Building 6 – The two Bundy brothers and Finicum’s sleeping quarters
The third clue as to the identity of the source of these reports is related to the “hand-held radio”. Ritzheimer said that he gave it to Varner. In an interview with Varner, when asked directly about the radio, he said that Jon was in his truck with Blaine Cooper and he saw the radio sitting on the seat between them, but it was never given to him. However, at shift change the next morning, the new guard contacted Jon to say that he had no radio with which to communicate. It appears that Varner simply showed the radio to his handler, and then kept it for himself.
Two more identifiable reports were filed on January 15 and 16. They continued updating with regard to the status, positions, state of mind, etc., of those inside the Refuge. So, we can see that from this one source, a lot of information, some accurate, some not so accurate, was made available to the FBI. On top of this, understand that there were eight other informants reporting from inside the Refuge. There were also six additional informants in communication with the occupiers via telephone. Those occupiers inside believed that they were talking to outside “friendlies”, and managed to provide quite a bit of useful information to those informants. This topic will be addressed in a subsequent article.
In all fairness to Varner, I called him after I had finished the article. I read him the statements about the three militia groups, the encounter with Lewis Arthur, and the report where he showed the radio he got from Ritzheimer to the case agent. He stated that somebody lied — that it was bullshit. He concluded with, “I ain’t no informant or agent”.