Wages “Legally” Defined

The following definitions for “wages” are taken from Ballantine’s Law Dictionary (3rd edition), Bouvier’s Law Dictionary (6th edition), Black’s Law Dictionary (2nd edition), and Webster’s Dictionary (1828):

 

 

 

(Ballantine’s)

Compensation for manual labor, skilled or unskilled, paid at stated times, and measured by the day, week, month, or season. Sums paid as hire or reward to domestic or menial servants, artisans, mechanics, laborers, or other employees of like class, as distinguished from the compensation of clerks, officers of corporations, and public officers [35 Am J1st M & S § 63]. Compensation paid one for personal services of some kind [22 Am J1st Exemp § 65]. Anything constituting a reward for a workman’s labor, whether the pay is by the hour, the day, the week, the month, or by the job or piece [9 Am J2d Bankr § 537]. (Pertaining to priority of wage claim.) Inclusive of board, lodging, or “other facilities” customarily furnished by an employer to his employees [29 USC § 203(m). (Definition of Fair Labor Standards Act.)] All remuneration payable for personal services, including commissions, bonuses, and gratuities customarily incident to the course of employment, whether received in cash or other medium [Fuller Brush Co. v Industrial Com. 99 Utah 97, 104 P2d 201, 129 ALR 511]. All remuneration for employment, including the cash value of all remuneration paid in any medium other than cash [Social Secur. Board v Nierotko, 327 US 358, 90 L Ed 718, 66 S Ct 637, 162 ALR 1445]. Continue reading

Income “Legally” Defined

The following definitions for “income” are taken from Ballantine’s Law Dictionary (3rd edition), Bouvier’s Law Dictionary (6th edition), Black’s Law Dictionary (2nd edition), and Webster’s Dictionary (1828):

 

 

(Ballantine’s)

A word having different meanings, dependent upon the connection in which it is used and the result intended to be accomplished [Equitable Trust Co. v Prentice, 250 NY 1, 164 NE 723, 63 ALR 263]. For tax purposes, the gain derived from capital, from labor, or from both combined [Eisner v. Macomber, 252 US 189, 64 L Ed 521, 40 S Ct 189, 9 ALR 1570], including profit gained through a sale or conversion of capital assets [Doyle Case, 247 US 183, 62 L Ed 1054, 38 S Ct 467]. In reference to a life tenant, something produced by capital and severed from capital, leaving the property or principal intact [Rhode Island Hospital Trust Co. v Tucker, 51 RI 507, 155 A 661, 83 ALR 1253, mod on reh 52 RI 277, 160 A 465, 83 ALR 1259]. Ordinarily, but not necessarily, cash or money; sometimes taking the form of property [United States v. Siegel (CA8 Mo) 52 F2d 63, 78 ALR 672, cert den 284 US 679, 76 L Ed 574, 52 S Ct 140]. In the usual signification, net, rather than gross, income [33 Am J1st Life Est § 284]. Profits earned rather than a fixed annuity [4 Am J2d Annui § 3].

See gross income; net income; ordinary income. Continue reading

Tax “Legally” Defined

The following definitions for “tax” are taken from Ballantine’s Law Dictionary (3rd edition), Bouvier’s Law Dictionary (6th edition), Black’s Law Dictionary (2nd edition), and Webster’s Dictionary (1828):

 

 

(Ballantine’s)

A forced burden, charge, exaction, imposition, or contribution assessed in accordance with some reasonable rule of apportionment by authority of a sovereign state upon the persons or property within its jurisdiction to provide public revenue for the support of the government, the administration of the law, or the payment of public expenses [51 Am J1st Tax § 3]. Any payment exacted by the state or its municipal subdivisions as a contribution toward the cost of maintaining governmental functions, where the special benefit derived from their performance is merged in the general benefit [State ex rel. Fargo v Wetz, 40 ND 299, 168 NW 835, 5 ALR 731]. A charge upon persons or property imposed by or under authority of the legislature for public purposes [Yosemite Lumber Co. v Industrial Acci. Com. 187 Cal 774, 204 P 226, 20 ALR 994]. Continue reading

Arrest “Legally” Defined

The following definitions for “arrest” are taken from Ballantine’s Law Dictionary (3rd edition), Bouvier’s Law Dictionary (6th edition), Black’s Law Dictionary (2nd edition), and Webster’s Dictionary (1828):

 

 

(Ballantine’s)

The taking, seizing or detaining of the person of another, accomplished by (1) touching or putting hands on the person to be detained; (2) or by any act that indicates an intention to take him into custody and that subjects him to the actual control and will of the person making the arrest; or (3) by the consent of the person to be arrested [5 Am J2d Arr § 1]. In military law, the detention of a member of the armed forces resulting from the preferring of charges and the convening of a court-martial [United States v. Smith, 197 US 386, 49 L Ed 801, 25 S Ct 489]. Continue reading

Driver “Legally” Defined

The following definitions for “driver” are taken from Bouvier’s Law Dictionary (6th edition), Black’s Law Dictionary (2nd edition), and Webster’s Dictionary (1828):

 

 

(Bouvier’s)

  1. One employed in conducting a coach, carriage, wagon, other vehicle, with horses, mules, or other animals.
  2. Frequent accidents occur in consequence of the neglect or want of skill of drivers of public stage coaches, for which the employers are responsible.
  3. The law requires that a driver should possess reasonable skill and be of good habits for the journey; if, therefore, he is not acquainted with the road he undertakes to drive [3 Bingh. Rep. 314, 321]; drives with reins so loose that he cannot govern his horses [2 Esp. R. 533]; does not give notice of any serious danger on the road [1 Camp. R. 67]; takes the wrong side of the road [4 Esp. R. 273]; incautiously comes in collision with another carriage [1 Stark. R. 423; 1 Campb. R. 167]; or does not exercise a sound and reasonable discretion in travelling on the road, to avoid dangers and difficulties, and any accident happens by which any passenger is injured, both the driver and his employers will be responsible [2 Stark. R. 37; 3 Engl. C.L. Rep. 233; 2 Esp. R. 533; 11 Mass. 57; 6 T.R. 659; 1 East, R. 106; 4 B. & A. 590; 6 Eng C.L.R. 528; 2 McLean, R. 157. Vide Common carriers Negligence; Quasi Offence].

Continue reading

Voter “Legally” Defined

The following definitions for “voter” are taken from Ballantine’s Law Dictionary (3rd edition), Bouvier’s Law Dictionary (6th edition), Black’s Law Dictionary (2nd edition), and Webster’s Dictionary (1828):

 

 

(Ballantine’s)

One who expresses his choice of candidates or measures offered or proposed at an election by marking a ballot or indicating his choice by appropriate act upon a voting machine. One possessing the legal qualifications of an elector, so as to be entitled to vote [Re Denny, 150 Ind 104, 59 NE 259]. Continue reading

Elector “Legally” Defined

The following definitions for “elector” are taken from Ballantine’s Law Dictionary (3rd edition), Bouvier’s Law Dictionary (6th edition), Black’s Law Dictionary (2nd edition), and Webster’s Dictionary (1828):

 

 

(Ballantine’s)

A person having constitutional and statutory qualifications which entitle him to vote, including not only one who votes, but one who is qualified, yet fails to exercise the right of suffrage [25 Am J2d Elect § 52]. Continue reading

Travel “Legally” Defined

The following definitions for “travel” are taken from Ballantine’s Law Dictionary (3rd edition), Black’s Law Dictionary (2nd edition), and Webster’s Dictionary (1828):

 


 

(Ballantine’s)

Verb: To go from one place to another. To make a trip. To pass over a public way for the purpose of business, convenience, or pleasure [25 Am J1st High § 427]. To make such use of a way as the occasion may require legitimately [Caddo Electric Cooperative v. Bollinger [(Okla) 285 P2d 200, 55 ALR2d 172]. Continue reading

Warrant “Legally” Defined

The following definitions for “warrant” are taken from Ballantine’s Law Dictionary (3rd edition), Bouvier’s Law Dictionary (6th edition), Black’s Law Dictionary (2nd edition), and Webster’s Dictionary (1828):

 

 

(Ballantine’s)

Noun: A form of process, such as a warrant for the arrest of a Person [42 Am J1st Proc § 2]. An order authorizing a payment of money by another person to a third person. An order or draft on the treasury of a public body, payable on presentation when funds are available, or at a fixed day with interest if authorized by state [Marshall v. State, 1 88 Fla 329, 102 So 650]. A notice of a town meeting [52 Am J1st Towns § 13]. Justification or sanction for some act or course of conduct. Continue reading